Stomach Virus May Trigger Myalgic Encephalitis (ME)

Myalgic Encephalitis, or ME, is associated with a stomach virus, according to an article published in the Journal of Clinical Pathology (BMJ). ME is also known as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

An endoscopy uses a extended tube with a camera at the end; it goes in through the throat (gullet) into the stomach. Stomach tissue was taken from the patients to test for viral proteins – these samples were then compared to specimens taken from healthy people, as well as patients with intestinal disease who did not suffer from ME.

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ME is a prolonged fatigue accompanied with many symptoms. It is also called as postviral syndrome. If you have severe chronic syndrome for more than six months, then only the condition can be identified. The symptoms can be sore throat, muscle pain, unrefreshing sleep, headaches, tender lymph nodes, and impairment in concentration.

There are other symptoms that can occur, which includes abdominal pain, dizziness, night sweats, irregular heart beat, nausea, tingling sensations, weight loss and bloating. Psychological symptoms include panic attacks, depression and irritability.

According to the research, ME occurs by stomach virus infection. As fatigue is a disorder of the body’s defense or immune system, ME is a disorder of immune system.

A wide range of viral infections can cause Myalgic Encephalitis. In half of the patients, 2-5A synthetase/ribonuclease L (Rnase) pathway is not functioning properly, as seen with viral disorders. These cellular fragments wreak havoc inside cells and can block thyroid receptors.

ME diagnosis: There is no specific test for ME, but blood tests and X-rays should be taken to look for unusual infections and other diseases. Family, friends and doctor support is important. Depression will be present and antidepressants can be taken according to doctor’s advice.

Symptoms of ME change from day to day. Certain factors can also trigger the disease. Physical or mental effort can make the symptoms worse. It cannot be predicted that for how many days symptoms last. Early diagnosis is made to take treatment.

Some people have fluctuating patterns like relapses and exacerbations frequently precipitated by infections, operations, stressful situations and temperature extremes.

Treatment for ME: There is no specific treatment for ME. Doctor can prescribe medicines and pain killers to relieve from symptoms of muscle pains and headaches. Behavior therapy, occupational therapy, and physiotherapy can help to cope with the symptoms. Stress reduction, healthy diet and support group can help the people who have Myalgic Encephalitis.

Posted in: Immune Disorders

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